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History

History

The Institute of Geology and Geophysics, CAS, was created in June 1999 by the merging of two separate CAS institutes, the Institute of Geology and the Institute of Geophysics. Before the integration, both institutes had long histories and their great achievements in science and research had given them a both strong reputations in academic circles at home and abroad.

Geology and Geophysics are two branches of Earth sciences, the earliest natural science subject led in China. Therefore the Institutes of Geology and Geophysics had close relations throughout their long-term development.

The origin of the Institute of Geology can be traced back to 1928 when the Institute was founded in Shanghai, under the directorship of Li Siguang. This Institute was home to many pioneering Chinese geologists, including Hou Defeng, Yin Zanxun, Zhang Wenyou, Ye Lianjun and Liu Dongsheng.

The origin of the Institute of Geophysics can be traced back to 1913 when the Institute of the Geological Survey, under the Bureau of Industry and Commerce, was founded in Beiping (now Beijing). The Geophysics division of this Institute originally focused on research on meteorology and seismology and was separated into two institutes in 1950.

Important Events

The original Institute of Geology:

1928  The Institute of Geology, Shanghai, founded

1951  The Institute of Geology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, founded

1960  Branch of Lanzhou Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, founded

1966  Branch of Guiyang Geochemistry Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, founded

1978  Branch of the Institute of Geology, China Earthquake Administration, founded

1985  Key Laboratory of Engineering Geomechanics, Chinese Academy of Science, founded

1990  Key Laboratory of Lithospheric Evolution founded

1997  Geological environment Research Center founded, Mineral Resources Research Center founded, Slope Engineering Research Center founded

1999  Integrated with the Institute of Geophysics

The original Institute of Geophysics:

1928  The Institute of Meteorology, Shanghai, founded

1950  Chinese Academy of Sciences took over 24 institutes, the Institute of Geophysics founded

1954  The Institute of Geophysics moved to Beijing

1959  Branch of the Lanzhou Institute of Geophysics founded

1966  Divided into five Institutes: Institute of Geophysics, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Institute of Applied Geophysics, Lanzhou Institute of Geophysics and Kunming Institute of Geophysics

1972  Taken over by China Earthquake Administration and separated from the CAS

1978  Reunited with the CAS as the Institute of Geophysics

1988  WDC-D Geophysical Data Center founded

1994  Research Center for Mineral Resource Exploration, Chinese Academy of Sciences founded

1999  Integrated with the Institute of Geology

Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences:

1999  Institute of Geology and Geophysics, CAS founded, with Ding Zhongli as director

2003  Academician Liu Dongsheng won National Super Scientific and Technical Prize

2004  Took over Lanzhou Institute of Geology and set up Lanzhou Research Center

2005  State key Laboratory of Lithospheric Evolution founded, with Zhu Rixiang as director

2007  Zhu Rixiang elected as director of the Institute 

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