The Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (IGGCAS) was formed in June 1999, through the integration of the Institute of Geology, CAS (founded in Nanjing in 1951, its predecessors being the Institute of Geology, Academia Sinica, established in 1928, and the Central Geological Survey, established in 1913) and the Institute of Geophysics, CAS (founded in Nanjing in 1950, its predecessors being the Meteorological Institute, Academia Sinica, established in 1928, and the Institute of Physics, National Beiping Institute, established in Beijing in 1929). Since this integration, IGGCAS has been one of the most important and well known geosciences research institutions in China.
The Institute's strategic perspective is focused on building an international research center, equipped with a strong basic research capacity and sustainable development for technological innovation on the frontiers of solid Earth and space sciences.
The Institute has a total of 830 staff members, which includes 294 senior professionals, 15 members of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, 1 member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, 36 professionals supported by the “National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholar”, 11 “Thousand Talent Program” nominees, 19 “Hundred Talent Program” nominees , 7 Chief Scientists of the “National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program)”, and 6 research groups supported by the ”NSFC Science Fund for Creative Research Groups”. In 2009, the Institute was awarded by the Organization Department of the Central Committee of the CPC as an “Innovative and Venture Base for Overseas Top Talents”. In 2014, the Institute was supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology of China(MOST)’s “Innovative Talent Training Demonstration Project”. The Institute has a post-graduate education system for Master's and PhD students, as well as a postdoctoral research system which is one of the earliest to be authorized in China, and it is also part of the first batch of key bases of the CAS to train students toward doctor's degrees. IGGCAS currently has 655 graduate students and 168 postdoctoral researchers.
Talent and spiritual culture form the soul of the Institute, while the experimental platform is the "Palace". The Institute continues to carry on its self-positioning and historical mission, to address the strategic needs of nation, to address the frontiers of science & technology, to address the major battlefield of national economyand continuously swears strives to practice theachieve scientific and technological innovation. In recent years, the Institute has adhered to a scientific research concept of solidarity and mutual progress, namely “science + technology”. According to the current developing trends in Earth sciences, IGGCAS places great focus on the major demands in the national resources fields, exploiting original technical methods, establishing prospective research theories, independently developing large-scale instruments, cultivating innovative talents, playing a leading role cross-disciplinary development, and serving toward socio-economic development and national strategic targets.
Currently, the Institute positively implements the “Pioneer Initiative (PI)” , and is preparing to establish the “Institutions of Earth Science, CAS”, the aim of which is to realize the quaternity innovation chain of “theoretical innovation + technology research and development + transformation of scientific and technological achievements + combination of education and research training”, thereby creating a team capable of tackling key problems involved in executing national core science and technology tasks, and building a top platform to cultivate inter-disciplinary innovative talents. In recent years, the Institute has strived to realize transitions in certain aspects of scientific research concepts, organization structure, management mode and innovation systems. With the goal of leading the international frontier, the Institute has focused on changing the concepts of researchers toward establishing a global view of Earth sciences, while considering global issues from the perspective of regional geological phenomena. Researchers based at the Institute have studied the scientific frontier from the global global perspective, in areas such as the Tethys orogenic belt and global continental tectonics, and have made many important achievements. At the same time, the Institute focuses on the strategic demands of national resource exploration, implements the integrated resolution of key problems involved in the research and development of leading technology for resource exploration and independent instruments and equipment, and has made many critical breakthroughs.
The Institute has 1 Tethys Research Center, and 7 research divisions, namely the Division of Deep Earth Structure and Processes, Division of Lithosphere Evolution, Division of Oil and Gas Resources, Division of Solid Mineral Resources, Division of Engineering Geology and Water Resources, Division of Cenozoic Geology and Environment, and Division of Geomagnetism and Space Physics. The State Key Laboratory of Lithosphere Evolution and National Field Research Station of Space Environment in Beijing are also located on its campus. In addition, the Institute also has 5 key CAS laboratories, namely the Laboratory of Earth and Planetary Physics, Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geological Engineering, Laboratory of Mineral Resources, Laboratory of Oil and Gas Resources, and Laboratory of Cenozoic Geology and Environment.
In recent years, the Institute has undertaken more than 200 national projects. Including the “National Science and Technology Major Project of MOST”, National Scientific Instruments and Equipment, the National Key Research and Development Plan (including the “National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program)”, the “National High-tech R&D Program of China (863 Program)”, and the “National Key Technologies R&D Program of China”, as well as significant research programs supported by the National Natural Science Foundation, major research programs, major projects, Strategic Pilot Projects of CAS, major deployment programs of CAS, and so on. The Institute has produced a great number of innovative results by promoting the growth of talents, fostering innovative ideas, and enhancing the ability to perform scientific research and meet major national needs, and has achieved a large number of innovative achievements in the field of solid Earth science. The Institute attaches great importance to intellectual property rights, having been authorized for about 173 patents, 16 utility patents, and over 260 software copyright registrations. In recent years, 10 research achievements have been awarded to the Institute, including 9 National Natural Science Awards and 1 National Science and Technology Progress Award. In 2003, CAS member Professor Liu Dongsheng received the State Supreme Science and Technology Award.
July 20, 2016